Located just in the outskirts of the Ajintha village in the Aurangabad District of the Indian state of Maharashtra, the Ajanta caves are rock-cut structures whose construction dates back to the 2nd century BC. They are popular for its spectacular paintings and carvings exemplifying Buddhist religious and universal pictorial art. The caves are now designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The purpose of these caves was to act as a residing and meditating site for the Buddhist preachers who had devoted their life towards the aim of spreading the values of Buddhism across the globe.
In total, there are 30 caves out of which caves numbered 9, 10, 19, 26, and 29 are chaitya-grihas; while the rest are similar to Buddhist monasteries. Based on the time of construction, you can split the caves into two parts. The most ancient of the Ajanta [...]