Ramesseum Pleasures In Egypt TravelsEgyptian Temples & Tombs | April 25, 2012
While in Egypt the temples and tombs are a must see so get to see the best architectural constructions in this part of the world and enjoy the travel delights here with the utmost pleasures. The Ramesseum is one such memorial temple which is a mortuary temple which is situated in the Theban necropolis in the upper Egypt region. Ramesses the Great is also spelt as Ramses or Rameses. Located across the River Nile a little away from the city of Luxor, it is a term that was coined by jean Francois Champollion. In the year 1829 he visited these ruins and located the hieroglyphs which made up the Ramesses’ names and also the titles on the walls. It was called the House of millions for many years.
Ramesses II took over, modified and also built many buildings from the ground and some of them are really splendid. It is actually built according to the Royal Burial practices. it is a place of worship that has been dedicated to the Pharaoh and this is where his memory has been kept alive even after he died. There are many records that show that the work on this monument stared a little after his rule and then continued for around 20 years.
Ramesses II constructed the Ramesseum the beautiful mortuary temple in the venue of the Set I’s a ruined temple where he totally could relate to Amun, the local form of the Divine. The temple started early during his rule and took around 20 years to finish. Diodorus described this as the tomb of Ozymandia. It is believed that it was greatly inspired by averse by Percy Bysshe Shelly who was a great poet. There is also a sacred library that is mentioned by Diodorus but actually there is no proof today of its existence. The Egyptologists have tried in vain to find testimony to this. This great temple has show to be a competition to all the wonders that are found in Abu Simbel and is very much akin to the architecture there. But Ramesses is believed to have constructed the temple very near the Nile and so it is said that the flood waters affected the region. So today there is only one colonnade that remains in the First Courtyard.
The funerary cult of the king was celebrated in the main building and this was a normal stone built temple of those times. It had two successive courtyards and the entry points were built of pylon. There was a hypostyle hall which had surrounding attachments. The pylons are old structures which are decorated with a lot of scenes depicting battles that took place here. So you get to see the Battle of Qadesh or Kadesh where you can see Ramesses fighting with the Hittities. He is shown having a counterattack standing in the chariot and firing arrows with great precision at the fleeing Hittities.
The second court is better than the first. it is flanked in both the west and the east by pillars with porticos and has beautiful statues of Osiride. These are statues which show Ramesses being called for taking birth again in a new life and he is shown tightly wrapped with his arm crossed. He is also shown holding his scepters.
There is hypostyle hall that has a beautiful ceiling in the middle. There are traceried windows which are lit and behind the structure on the interior wall is a beautiful scene depicting the capture of the Dapur fortress in Syria. Then there is a scene depicting Amun RE giving scepters to RamessII. The Hall takes you to a room for the sacred bark and also sanctuary.
There is a royal palace and many granaries made of mud brick and also store rooms. There is also a small temple which is dedicated to Tuya who is Ramesses mother and Nefertari his wife.
There is a shaft tomb of a priest belonging to the Middle Kingdom under the floor. This was excavated in the later half of the 19th century by James Quibell. This is a very interesting discovery and has shown a lot of magical and religious artifacts which also includes the statue of a woman. She is shown wearing a lion mask with two snake wands in here hand. Then there is a female fertility figure, a magic rod, an ivory clapper and also a box of papyri which is filled with the widest variety of literary and magical texts.
All in all the Ramesseum is certainly a place to visit in Egypt.